Building an app sounds pretty cool but trust me it’s not that easy nowadays with different varieties and complexities entering the multimedia market.
Alphabet has made Android as an open source mobile platform, and it doesn’t regulate then Smartphones or tablets manufactured by different conglomerates. Hence, the devices come with varying hardware features and are bound to run on the same version of operating system.
While developing an App, a developer should focus on its performance, accessibility, security, and usability to keep the application users engaged no matter which mobile device they are carrying.
Also, they need to ensure that the app delivers personalized user experience across all the available platforms and different versions of operating systems
1) Software Fragmentation
As we all know that each version of differs with its predecessors in terms of new features and enhancements.
The app developer has to introduce specific feature(s) in the app for creating optimal user experience by taking advantage of the features with different versions of operating systems.
The developers have to focus on multiple versions of Android or iOS or whatever platform they are planning to launch the app in to make the application more profitable as well as popular in short span.
2) No Uniform User Interface Designing Processes or Rules
There is no common UI (user interface) designing process or guidelines for the app developers. Most developers build android apps without referring to any standard user interface (UI) development rules.
This gives rise to a new complexity in terms of App functionality and its consistency across all the different devices available in the market. The diversity of UI affects the compatibility of Android apps on different devices.
3) Security Flaws
The open source nature of Android makes it vulnerable to frequent security threats or attacks.
Many a times security of Android devices has been compromised or impacted by bugs or flaws like FakeID, TowelRot, Stagefright etc.
The developers need to ensure that they have robust security features in the app and to keep the user information secure from targeted security attacks they must opt for the latest encryption mechanism.
4) Varying Hardware Features
The current Smartphone market is flooded with varieties of manufacturers from all around the globe with their unique inventions.
This has created a trouble for the developers as the need to take care of all the shapes and sizes of hardware used in different Smartphone. For an instance, two Smartphone’s processor is powered by Android KitKat but differ from each other in terms of Resolution, Camera, Screen size, and other internal hardware features.
The App developer needs to ensure that the application delivers a personalized experience to every user by accessing and utilizing all the hardware features.
5) API Incompatibility
Nowadays most developers are using third-party APIs to enhance their app’s functionality but the quality of available third-party APIs differs for Android app developers, for e.g. some APIs are designed only for a particular version of Operating system which will not allow the app to work on other versions.
The developers have to explore and find alternative ways to make the API work on different versions of operating systems to make the app run smoothly which is really a challenging task.
6) Patent Issues
The end application users have several options to choose from Android apps offering similar features and identical functionalities due to which developers find it daunting to create an app with absolute uniqueness.
Google doesn’t implement any standardized quality assessment guidelines to evaluate the quality of the apps in its play store which often make developers address the issues related to the patent. This might force the app developers to modify their apps in future to avoid any patent issues.